Litigation, arbitration, and mediation are legal methods used in Kenya to resolve disputes. Litigation involves taking a case to court, while arbitration and mediation are forms of alternative dispute resolution (ADR). In arbitration, a neutral third party makes a binding decision after hearing both sides of the dispute. In mediation, a neutral third party facilitates negotiations between the parties to reach a mutually agreeable settlement. ADR is often preferred over litigation due to its efficiency and cost-effectiveness.